Curated Studies + NSM-related Literature

🔬 Interoception Studies + Self-Assessment

🔬 Studies on Self-Regulation Protocols

Amygdala-driven apnea and the chemoreceptive origin of anxiety’ by Feinstein et al 2022 (link)

The causal role of the amygdala with regard to fear and anxiety remains controversial. Research is reviewed across lesion studies, intracranial stimulation, and volumetric MRI. The amygdala inhibits fear evoked by elevations in CO2. Stimulation of the amygdala triggers a state of apnea outside of one’s awareness. We propose a model of apnea-induced anxiety that can be tested in future studies.”

Self-Regulation of Breathing as a Primary Treatment for Anxiety’ by Jerath et al 2015 (link)

We hypothesize that reversing homeostatic alterations with meditation and breathing techniques rather than targeting neurotransmitters with medication may be a superior method to address the whole body changes that occur in stress, anxiety, and depression.”

The Integrative Role of the Sigh in Psychology, Physiology, Pathology, and Neurobiology’, Ramirez 2014 (link)

Hypoarousal and failure to sigh have been associated with sudden infant death syndrome. Increased breathing irregularity may provoke excessive sighing and hyperarousal, a behavioral sequence that may play a role in panic disorders. Essential for generating sighs and breathing is the pre-Bötzinger complex.”

Resources to find more helpful studies